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TIMBER FLOORING | PARQUET FLOORING

TIMBER FLOORING

With our wide array of Timber Flooring, Parquet Flooring Engineered wood flooring, solid hardwood floors and vinyl floors,you can bring your home one step closer to nature.

 

VINYL FLOORS

Vinyl is a common resilient floor. It’s materials consists of a mixture of polyvinyl chloride and plasticizers. They are not stiff building materials and comes in loose sheets rather than planks. The better the quality of vinyl, the harder it is to tell them apart. As there is zero organic content in its material composition, it is highly water resistant and is both fungal and termite proof.

ENGINEERED WOOD FLOORING

Engineered wood flooring is a type of timber flooring in with multiple layers of timber is bonded . It is pre-finish,which means no hassle of sanding and varnishing on-site. Learn more about engineered timber.

USAGE OF DIFFERENT TYPE OF TIMBER FLOORING & ALTERNATIVES

In terms of costing and durability, the choice of material is Vinyl. It is relatively cheaper because it is a man-made material. Most suppliers mass produce Vinyl. It is a type of plastic. It consists of ethylene (found in crude oil) and chlorine (found in regular salt). Then, we process and combine both the substances to form Pol.yvinyl Chloride (PVCresin, or as is commonly referred to – Vinyl. It is water resistant and can be installed over kitchen or pantry areas. Also, Installation time is quick and depending on the profile of the vinyl, direct lay with clipping mechanism. Hence, it is possible without requiring any adhesive for installation.

Engineered timber flooring is more common for higher end commercial properties as it has the aesthetics and authenticity of solid wood flooring and higher dimensional durability due to the layers of supporting structure of ply or pine wood at the back.As engineered wood flooring is pre-finished(sanded & varnished beforehand) no time is wasted on the waiting for the wood to dry and acclimatized before it can be used after installation.

PARQUET FLOORING

Parquet flooring is a subset of Solid Wood floors, they are identical timber strips with small width and length.

Pros of Parquet Flooring

Parquet flooring is cheaper in nature than normal solid wood flooring. There is lesser wastage when profiling the timber strips as compared to timber planks of solid wood.

Multiple sanding down is possible as it is still a solid wood and has substantial thickness.

Cons of Parquet Flooring

Due to Parquet Floors having small width and length, many timber strips are u to complete a flooring project.

This results in numerous joint sections of the floor and the wood grains will not be even. Aesthetically this might not be very pleasing for some customers.

Expansion and contraction normally happen at the ends of a timber strip, hence it will be very obvious if it starts to shrink.

Maintenance of Parquet Flooring

Just like any other solid timber floors, parquet flooring if maintained properly, can last you a lifetime.

No heavy duty cleaner should be used, we recommend Bona Products for the daily cleaning of any solid timber.

Sanding down several times is possible for parquet flooring depending on the thickness of the parquet.

In the event, parquet strips are damaged beyond repair, it is more cost efficient to replace small strips of wood as compared to bigger and wider planks of wood.

Home owners should inspect the timber floors for any defects prior to the hand over process to maximize the longevity of the timber floor’s lifespan before sanding and varnishing is needed.

ENGINEERED TIMBER FLOORING: ENGINEERED WOOD VS  SOLID WOOD

Engineered timber flooring is hard to identify between hardwood flooring from just looking and feeling the grains but, there are differences between them.

Solid wood is thicker than engineered timber and, as such, can be sanded and coated many more times. Solid wood is installed of via a tongue and groove (T&G) Method.Boards are raw and sanding and varnishing occurs after installation. Sanding down numerous times is possible for solid wood due to its thickness.

There is frequent movement of solid wood because of the moisture content of the floor,especially in air-conditioned environment as the AC dries out the moisture of wood causing it to shrink.

Engineered Timber Flooring Engineered WoodAPPEARANCE

Engineered wood consists of two or more layers of solid timber bonded together under heat and pressure. The top layer consist of the premium wood. Subsequent layers are cheaper ply or pine. Multiple layering prevents release of moisture readily which deters shrinkage.

USAGE

Solid hardwood is for clients who intend to use their floors for more than 15 years, yet do not mind the longer installation time as well as dust from the sanding and varnishing.

Solid wood can last more than a lifetime.

Engineered wood is the practical solution for those who love solid timber but cannot deal with the dust and maintenance.

It will return value, but will not have the longevity that solid wood has.

 

PROS AND CONS OF ENGINEERED TIMBER FLOORING & ENGINEERED WOOD

PROS

Engineered wood is pre-finish. Hence, installation of engineered floors suits commercial owners as there will be no down time  for the varnish to dry up which can take up to 2 weeks for solid wood.

Due to its multiple layered structures of plywood/pine, it prevents the irregularity of the product’s moisture content which makes it less susceptible to warping.

CONS

The hardwood layer of Engineered Timber Flooring is substantially thinner as compared to Solid wood, hence this lower it’s life expectancy for use and it is recommended to (depending on the thickness of your engineered wood product) be sanded down only once.

DETAILED DIFFERENCES OF SOLID TIMBER & ENGINEERED WOOD

Description

Solid Timber: a homogeneous product from top to bottom and side to side with T&G profile without any bevelled edges.

Engineered Wood: is a layered product made of an actual but thin slice of hardwood on top of a base of high-quality plywood or even the same material as the top

Thickness

Solid Timber: 11mm/12mm/15mm/18mm/20mm

Engineered Wood: 15mm/18mm

Width

Solid Timber: Standard widths of 2″-4″

Engineered Wood: 4″ and up

Wood Species

Solid timber: in singapore : American White Oak, Sonokeling (indian rosewood) , Birch , Maple , Merbau, Brazilian Cherry,

Engineered Wood: Mainly European Oak , Douglas fir

Pre-finished or Site Finished?

Solid timber: Finished on site

Engineered Wood: Most engineered wood floors are pre-finished with either Natural Oils, UV lacquer or water-based varnish.

Sanding limitations

Solid timber: Yes depending on the thickness at least 3 times

Engineered Wood: Yes, only once or twice lightly with a buffer or fine sand paper

Installation

Solid timber: Secrete nailing to plywood or direct install onto concrete (potential movement of flooring) followed by curing time for the adhesive and finishing off machine sanding and varnishing

Engineered Wood: Click system or glue down, no sanding required

Lifespan

Solid timber: Well-maintained solid hardwood will last for decades. Solid timber is hygroscopic which means they absorb water which was increase the costs of annual maintenance

Engineered Wood: 10-15 years or so as long as the top and bottom layer is a solid wood. As the surface is thin, de-lamination and scratches will occur for high traffic areas .

Holds Up To Moisture

Solid timber: Poor.  not recommended for bathrooms or areas with high moisture content

Engineered Wood: better than solid hardwood.  Its plywood/parallel structure base is dimensionally stable, meaning that it warps and lesser  when in contact with water.

Where to Install?

Solid timber: Best in living areas, bedrooms, hallways, dining rooms.  While it’s wise to avoid solid wood in kitchens, installation can be acceptable if waterproof mats are placed near sink and dishwasher.  Mostly not okay to install in bathrooms, though would be fine in a powder room.  Never install solid wood floor below grade.

Engineered Wood: All areas mentioned for solid wood flooring.  Again, best to avoid any kind of organic material in kitchens, but it can be made to work with proper precautions.  Vanity rooms are fine.  Can be installed below-grade with proper subfloor and as long as basement has absolutely no moisture problems.

TIMBER FLOORING PRICES IN SINGAPORE

Ranging from $12 PSF onwards:

  • Indonesian Teak
  • Burmese Teak
timber flooring

Teak Flooring

 

Summary
Singapore most commonly uses timber for flooring. Teak is the “King” of wood. Teak has beautiful grains and natural oils. They can resist termite attacks and lubricate the wood. Therefore, it is extremely popular. Teak is one of the best timber material for outdoor/indoor usage as the natural oil repels water.

Ranging from $14 PSF:

  • Maple
  • Oak
Oak Flooring

Oak Flooring

 

Summary
In general,  Maple and Oak has a creamy colour with minimalistic grains.One drawback maple has is its tendencies of having blotchiness after staining due to uncommon end grains on the surface.Due to their light creamy colour, they are able to absorb darker stains easily without bleaching. The price of the timber is slightly higher than teak as southeast Asia region does not have timber.

Ranging from $20 PSF:

  • Indian Rosewood
Indian Rosewood Flooring

Indian Rosewood Flooring

 

Summary
In conclusion, one of the most expensive timber flooring material in the market, Indian rosewood ranks high on the Janka hardness scale.It is also extremely resistant to rot and water damage with fascinating grains due to having darker contrasting streaks.The trees are relatively small and take a long time to grow.

Other Factors affecting timber flooring prices

Installation Patterns
Timber flooring can be installed in various patterns, as this will require more man hours, hence the installation prices will be slightly more; ranging from additional $2 PSF.The complexity of installation design will increase the rate proportionately.

Width & thickness of timber planks
The wider and thicker the plank, the higher will be the cost of the timber floors as well- due to higher wastage from profiling the plank from timber logs.

Type of wood coating
The common coating used is solvent based:

  • Solvent-based
  • Water-based
  • Polyutherance coating (can base in water or oil)
  • Oil-based
  • Lacquer-based

Finishes of coating

  • Matte finish
  • Semi-gloss finish
  • Gloss finish

INSTALLATION OF  TIMBER FLOORING SINGAPORE

We install timber strips over a sub-floor (made of plywood via an invisible nailing system and adhesive).

We supply and install  European Oak, American white oak, Teak , American Walnut, Maple , Indian Rosewood (Sonokeling) and many more,which comes in different width and thickness.

Parquet Flooring

  • Brick Pattern (Normal)
  • Herringbone (Higher Installation Cost due to wastage and workmanship)
  • Chevron (Higher Installation Cost due to wastage and workmanship)
  • Square Basket (Higher Installation Cost due to wastage and workmanship)

As it takes a longer time for the craftsmen to install parquet patterns, the installation cost follow suit.

It may amount to $2-$4 per square foot higher,depending on the complexity of the pattern.

Due to its flexibility in creating beautiful design,there is still high demand for parquet strips.

It can be use for timber and ceiling cladding or even table tops due its small strips,it is a very flexible working material.